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Mike's Adventure to Poland - 2002

Part 5: Warsaw Ghetto

In 1939, Warsaw was home to over 350,000 Jews, the second largest Jewish city in the world (New York City was the largest).  When the Nazis invaded, all of the Jews were rounded up and forced to live in an area of only 4 square kilometers.  By October 1940, the population within the ghetto had risen to over 450,000, and the Nazis erected a wall that cut off the ghetto from the rest of the world.

In 1942, 310,000 Jews were rounded up and sent to death camps.  In April 1943, a group of Jews rose against the Nazis, who countered the resistance with tanks, flame throwers, and aircraft.  By May 1943, the uprising was crushed and the ghetto was ordered to be leveled.

Ghetto Building
The only remaining building from the ghetto.  Note the war damage.

Ruins of the Ghetto Building
Different angle of the building.

Ghetto Ruins
More of the ruins in the ghetto.

Ghetto with Damage from War
Another remnant of the ghetto.  Note the pockmarked damage from the war.

Ghetto Uprising Monument
The Monument to the Ghetto Heroes.  This is to commemorate the ghetto uprising.

Back of the Ghetto Uprising Monument
The back of the monument.  The irony is that the monument was made out of stone imported from Sweden by Hitler to build a victory arch.

Detail of the Ghetto Uprising Monument
The detail on the ghetto monument.

Nozyk Synagogue in Warsaw
This is the Nozyk Synagogue, which is the only Warsaw synagogue to survive World War II.  The only real sign to tell it is a synagogue is the menorah out front of it.

Warsaw Menorah
Here is a close-up of the menorah.

At the end of the war, only 300 Jews remained in hiding in Warsaw.  Today, less than 2,000 Jews live in Warsaw.

Continue on to Part 6: Pawiak